In math, the slope describes how steep a directly line is. The is sometimes called the gradient.

You are watching: Y2-y1/x2-x1 formula name

Equations for SlopeThe steep is characterized as the "change in y" over the "change in x" that a line. If you pick 2 points ~ above a heat --- (x1,y1) and also (x2,y2) --- you have the right to calculate the steep by dividing y2 - y1 end x2 - x1.Here space the formulas provided to discover the slope of a line:

This line goes with the clues (0,0) and (3,3).Slope = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)= (3 - 0)/(3 - 0)= 3/3= 1This line has a steep of 1. Try using various points ~ above the line. You should acquire the exact same slope regardless of what points girlfriend use.

You can see the the line contains the clues (-2,4) and (2, -2).Slope = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)= (-2 - 4))/(2 - (-2))= -6/4= - 3/2Special CasesSome special cases include horizontal and also vertical lines.A horizontal line is flat. The adjust in y is 0, for this reason the slope is 0.A upright line has a readjust in x that 0. Since you can"t divide by 0, a upright line has an undefined slope.Up or under - hopeful or an adverse SlopeIf friend look at the line from left to right, a line that is relocating up will have actually a confident slope and a line that is relocating down will have actually a an adverse slope. You can see this top top the 2 example troubles above.
Rise over RunAnother means to remember just how the slope works is "rise end run". Girlfriend can draw a appropriate triangle using any type of two clues on the line. The climb is the street that the line travels increase or down. The run is the street that the heat travels native left to right.

See more: How Many Inches Is 215 Mm Into Inches, How Many Inches Are 215 Millimeters

Things come RememberSlope = readjust in y over the change in xSlope = (y2 - y1)/(x2 - x1)Slope = climb over runYou have the right to pick any kind of two clues on a line to calculate the slope.You can double check her answer through trying various points ~ above the line.If the line is walking up, native left come right, the slope is positive.If the line is walk down, indigenous left to right, the slope is negative.More Geometry SubjectsCirclePolygonsQuadrilateralsTrianglesPythagorean TheoremPerimeterSlopeSurface AreaVolume of a crate or CubeVolume and also Surface Area of a SphereVolume and also Surface Area that a CylinderVolume and also Surface Area that a ConeAngles glossaryFigures and also Shapes glossary

Back to Kids Math

Back to Kids Study

 HomeworkAnimalsMathHistoryBiographyMoney and FinanceBiographyArtistsCivil civil liberties LeadersEntrepreneursExplorersInventors and ScientistsWomen LeadersWorld LeadersUS Presidents united state HistoryNative AmericansColonial AmericaAmerican RevolutionIndustrial RevolutionAmerican civil WarWestward ExpansionThe good DepressionCivil rights MovementPre-1900s1900 come PresentUS GovernmentUS State HistoryScienceBiologyChemistryEarth SciencePhysics civilization HistoryAncient AfricaAncient ChinaAncient EgyptAncient GreeceAncient MesopotamiaAncient RomeMiddle AgesIslamic EmpireRenaissanceAztec, Maya, IncaFrench RevolutionWorld war 1World war 2Cold WarArt HistoryGeographyUnited StatesAfricaAsiaCentral AmericaEuropeMiddle EastNorth AmericaOceaniaSouth AmericaSoutheast AsiaFun StuffEducational GamesHolidaysJokes for KidsMoviesMusicSports