With a regime of over 4 centuries, the Han empire was the longest reigning imperial empire of China. That was preceded by the Qin dynasty (221–207 BC) and also succeeded through the three Kingdoms duration (220–280 AD). Han dynasty’s long period of stability and also prosperity consolidated the foundation of China together a unified state. Lasting native 202 BC come 220 AD, the Han period is pertained to as a golden e in Chinese history. Except being period of economic prosperity, arts and society advanced to unmatched heights. It was likewise one that the many prolific eras of science and technology in ancient China. Together is the affect of Han dynasty that, come this day, China’s majority ethnic team refers to itself as the “Han people”. Below are the 10 significant achievements the the Han empire including the inventions and innovations throughout their reign and its donation to Chinese culture, science, technology, agriculture, mathematics and also literature.
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#1 Han dynasty was the longest reigning imperial dynasty of China
Zhou dynasty (1046 BC – 256 BC) lasted longer than any other dynasty in Chinese history. Yet from the unification of China through Qin Shi Huang the the Qin dynasty till the finish of dynastic ascendancy in China, Han dynasty reigned end China because that the longest period. It ruled because that a duration of more than 400 years from 202 BC to 220 ad with a brief interruption through the Xin dynasty (9 – 23 AD). The period before the Xin interruption is well-known as western Han or former Han (206 BC – 9 AD) when the period after the Xin interruption is well-known as east Han or last Han (25 – 220 AD). The Han era was defined by far-ranging population growth; enhanced urbanization; and also unprecedented growth of industry and trade. The imperial resources of both west Han (Chang’an) and also Eastern Han (Luoyang) were among the largest cities in the civilization at the time, in both population and area.
#6 The influential royal examination was established
The imperial examination to be a civil business examination mechanism in royal China to choose candidates for the state bureaucracy. The system, which improved over the years, ultimately ensured that the government officials who offered in the imperial court to be learned and also intelligent men, fairly than simply political pendant of the current emperor, or relatives of ahead officials. This intensified meritocracy and listed equal possibility to people. The national academy and imperial check came into existence ~ above the recommendation of Gongsun Hong, a Chinese statesman under Emperor Wu of the western Han dynasty.
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Your establishment set a criterion that would last right into the 20th century. Despite the royal examination were started throughout the Han dynasty, it was not until the Song empire (960 – 1279) the it came to be the only method for drafting officials right into the government.