The Renaissance to be a fervent duration of europe cultural, artistic, political and also economic “rebirth” following the center Ages. Generally described as occurring from the 14th century come the 17th century, the Renaissance advocated the rediscovery of timeless philosophy, literature and art. Several of the greatest thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and also artists in human thrived throughout this era, while an international exploration opened up new lands and also cultures to european commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the center Ages and also modern-day civilization.

From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance starts

During the center Ages, a period that took place between the fall of old Rome in 476 A.D. And also the start of the 14th century, europeans made few advances in science and art.

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Also known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is regularly branded together a time the war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such as the black color Death.

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Some historians, however, believe that together grim depictions of the Middle periods were greatly exaggerated, though countless agree the there was reasonably little for for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark periods Weren't for this reason Dark


During the 14th century, a cultural movement referred to as humanism started to get momentum in Italy. Amongst its numerous principles, humanism supported the idea that male was the facility of his own universe, and also people should embrace human success in education, timeless arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg to press press allowed for improved communication throughout Europe and for ideas to spread much more quickly.

As a result of this advancement in communication, little-known messages from beforehand humanist authors such as those by Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which advocated the rebirth of timeless Greek and Roman society and values, to be printed and also distributed to the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe developments in worldwide finance and also trade impacted culture in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family members

The Renaissance started in Florence, Italy, a place with a rich cultural where rich citizens can afford to assistance budding artists.

Members the the powerful Medici family, which rule Florence for an ext than 60 years, were famed backers that the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others declared that they to be participating in an intellectual and artistic transformation that would certainly be much different from what castle experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement first expanded to other Italian city-states, such together Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, during the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread from Italy come France and then transparent western and northern Europe.

Although various other European countries experienced your Renaissance later on than Italy, the impacts were still revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some that the many famous and also groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers include the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose much more realistic depictions of human being emotions influenced generations of artists. Ideal known because that his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar shed at the stake because that translating the scriptures into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his advancement of the English madrigal and his religious organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and also Science

Art, architecture and science were very closely linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it to be a unique time as soon as these fields of examine fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists favor da Vinci incorporated scientific principles, such as anatomy right into their work, so they could recreate the person body v extraordinary precision.

Architects such together Filippo Brunelleschi studied math to that s right engineer and also design immense buildings with expansive domes.

Scientific explorations led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and Descartes presented a new view that astrology and also mathematics, while Copernicus proposed that the Sun, no the Earth, to be the center of the solar system.

Renaissance art was identified by realism and naturalism. Artist strived to depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

They supplied techniques, such as perspective, shadows and also light to add depth to your work. Feel was one more quality that artists tried come infuse into their pieces.

Some the the most famous creative works the were produced during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The critical Supper (Da Vinci)Statue the David (Michelangelo)The bear of Venus (Botticelli)The creation of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance exploration

While plenty of artists and thinkers used their talent to express brand-new ideas, part Europeans required to the seas to learn more about the world roughly them. In a period known together the period of Discovery, several crucial explorations to be made.

Voyagers launched explorations to take trip the whole globe. Lock discovered brand-new shipping paths to the Americas, India and the much East and explorers trekked throughout areas the weren’t fully mapped.

Famous journeys were taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after who America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The age of Exploration

Renaissance faith

Humanism motivated Europeans to concern the function of the roman inn Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As much more people learned how to read, write and also interpret ideas, they began to very closely examine and critique religious beliefs as lock knew it. Also, the printing press allowed for texts, including the Bible, come be conveniently reproduced and also widely review by the people, themselves, because that the first time.

In the 16th century, young name Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant improvement – a revolutionary activity that led to a separation in the Catholic church. Luther questioned countless of the methods of the church and also whether they aligned v the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new type of Christianity, well-known as Protestantism, was created.

End the the Renaissance

Scholars believe the demise of the Renaissance was the result of numerous compounding factors.

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By the end of the 15th century, countless wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and also German intruders battling for Italian territories brought about disruption and also instability in the region.