Dr. Brian Pollmann is the hospitalist because that Hutchinson Health. He concentrates on cradle endoscopy and some osteopathic manipulation therapy. Pollmann is a member the the American osteoporosis Association and American university of Osteopathic family members Physicians. He defined the prefixes and suffixes in ours list, and also “unremarkable,” “negative,” and “ablasion” v “biopsy.”

Jennifer Abfalter, MA, RN-ACNS-BC, is a skilled practice and patient experience director at Meeker Memorial Hospital in Litchfield. She characterized the state “calcifications” v “intubate” in this story. As a resource, she turned to “Mosby’s thesaurus of Medicine, education & wellness Professions. Mosby’s education Consult, 2014 Elsevier.”


Dr. Tyler Helland is a household medicine medical professional who joined Glencoe regional Health solutions in October. He’s likewise an assistant football coach at Lester Prairie High School. He identified the state in the latter section of ours story, native “lesion” come “transcutaneous.”

Does your physician use words you don’t understand? Feel choose you should run for a thesaurus every time you visit the clinic?

To make feeling of these words, us asked for assist from three local medical experts. They detailed us v the adhering to definitions.

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So the following time you visit the clinic or hospital, you’ll know the difference between chronic and also acute, and you i will not ~ confuse an adverse with palliative.

And if you space still confused, nothing hesitate to ask your health treatment provider come explain any type of term. That or she wants you to understand as much as you desire or need to know. The all part of the patient-provider partnership.

Hyper-: just as girlfriend think of her neighbor’s children, the exact same goes for medicine. Also much! also fast!

-itis: typically refers come inflammation or swelling. Often involves infection of some kind, but not necessarily. Examples: tonsillitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis

-plasty: Think plastic surgery. This means to mold, change, graft or form a specific part of the body. A nose project is recognized as a rhinoplasty.

Negative: usually referring to a medical test. Generally method that the test did not find anything abnormal.

Ablasion: to ablate or destroy! deserve to involve electricity, lasers (pew pew), or heat. This is provided as a method to damage abnormal or abnormally work tissue.

Acute: A descriptive ax that describes the time of a clinical condition. Acute is brand-new or happening right now. Sore throats, influenza, and also bleeding are examples of acute illness.

Arrythmia: Technically identified as a lack of heart rhythm (we really don’t shock because that this, no matter what they present on TV), in practice it is supplied to specify an abnormal love rhythm (dysrhythmia).

Asymptomatic: lack of symptoms. The is regularly used in the paper definition of a patient having actually a problem, however not having any kind of symptoms.

Benign: This one has mixed interpretations in medicine. Most regularly used when talking around a biopsy being non-cancerous.

Biopsy: taking a piece of tissue to look at under a microscope. A biopsy isn’t just used come look because that cancer. It is likewise helpful in other problems as well.

Calcifications: Calcifications space the buildup that calcium salts in ours bodies. Normally, calcium is found in ours bones and also teeth, and in tiny amounts in our blood. As soon as a buildup that calcium occurs in locations it shouldn’t, choose our kidneys or lungs, it have the right to interfere through normal body organ function.

Chronic: A chronic condition is other that has been going on because that a long while, and will likely influence a human for the rest of his/her life. Chronic is the opposite of acute, which way an abrupt or suddenly onset.

Comorbidity: A comorbidity is 2 or more medical problems existing at the same time. Because that example, friend may have a damaged ankle v a comorbidity that diabetes.

Complete blood count: A finish blood counting or CBC is a usual blood test and also is regularly ordered together a screening test because that bleeding, infection and also many various other conditions. A CBC steps the red blood cell and white blood cell counts in the blood.

Diagnosis that exclusion: not all illness or conditions can be found by having a test, such together an x-ray or blood test. In part cases, the provider will look for all feasible causes that a symptom, and if naught is found, a “diagnosis that exclusion” is made. In other words, that a diagnosis got to by the process of eliminating every other feasible causes.

Diuretic: A diuretic is a medicine that is offered to assist the body rid chin of liquid by urination. Sometimes medical problems such as heart failure reason our bodies to save too much fluid. A diuretic will draw out the liquid from the tissues, to the kidneys wherein it leaves the body together urine.

Edema: Edema is the swelling and also buildup of liquid in ours tissues. Edema have the right to be resulted in by many different conditions. Edema reasons our skin to stretch, swell and also weaken.

Efficacy: Efficacy is the capability of a drug or check to acquire the result desired. In other words, efficacy explains how fine something works.

Embolism: an embolism is a serious condition when the blood flow in our vessels becomes blocked by an embolus. There are different species of embolus, such together air, fluid, or gas. Another form of embolus is a tiny blood clot that breaks loose from one part of the body, and also travels to the brain or lungs.

Hematoma: A hematoma is as soon as blood collection in the body tissues or in one organ. The bleeding might stop on its very own from a buildup of pressure, but a hematoma or difficult lump might remain because that a duration of time.

Hyperplasia: Hyperplasia is once the body’s cells go into “overdrive” and also produce more cells than space needed.

Iatrogenic: Iatrogenic is a problem or problem that is led to by a clinical procedure, clinical staff person, or by exposure at a clinical facility.

Intubate: The location of a distinct tube right into the body, most typically an airway pipe to assist with breathing.

Lesion: This is a basic term we use to define a structure abnormality. Occasionally we use this native if us think other is abnormal but we space unsure what exactly it is. It might be a mole or a skin mark. It could be a bang under the skin or a tumor. It can be a polyp in the colon or inside the abdomen.

Metastasize: This way to spread. Most generally we use this word once we talk about cancers. For instance a lung cancer starts with an abnormal growth in the lung, yet if that is left to thrive on its very own it will certainly eventually go into the blood currently or lymphatic system and spread come a different component of the body. This is a an extremely important transition point for cancers. As soon as a cancer is found to be just in the organ it started in, that is much more likely that it can be taken the end with surgery or ruined with chemotherapy or radiation. After a cancer has spread to various other parts that the human body (metastasized) it becomes much much less likely the it will ever before be cured, though regularly there room treatments, namely chemotherapy, that can be supplied to slow-moving the growth down.

Necrosis: Necrosis means the fatality of tissue. This happens mostly as result of a lack of blood supply. For instance an infection that eats away typical tissue will certainly sometimes damage the blood supply and leave dead organization in the infected area. An additional example is a tumor that grows so large or rapid that the blood supply can’t save feeding it all through nutrients the needs. Such a tumor will actually die in parts of the center and also become necrotic. This is an important process the we can use in diagnosing disease. For example a mammogram for chest cancer screening is one X-ray check of the chest that is actually looking for very little and subtle locations of early necrosis the a chest tumor. Once a small component of the chest tumor die it pipeline behind part calcium that deserve to be viewed on the mammogram.

Nodule: A nodule is a bump or a bump. Over there are number of different species that can happen in different areas of the body. A pulmonary nodule is a little lump checked out in the lung on a CT scan or X-ray. A cutaneous nodule is a bump under the skin.

Noninvasive: Sometimes clinical treatments or exam are required which enter the body, for instance a surgery. This interventions are riskier in that they may cause some damage to normal locations of the body simply by having actually the procedure done and are said to be invasive. Non-invasive points shouldn’t cause direct damage just by act the test or treatment, like an ultrasound or X-ray or a medication.

Occlusion: Occlusion means that the circulation through a tube gets reduced off or plugged up. Think the this like a drainpipe pipe in the kitchen sink gaining clogged up. If an occlusion happens in the coronary arteries, the blood circulation to the heart, the is a love attack. Just like the clogged drainpipe pipe in the sink, the treatment is to try to open the clogged-up part and reclaim the flow. Occlusions can occur in any kind of of the tubular structures in the body favor the intestine or airway, yet most often we median blockage of a blood vessel.

Palliative: Palliative way a therapy that is intended to boost life yet isn’t supposed to cure the an illness or also to do life last longer. This is crucial word come understand, particularly when we room talking about cancer. Periodically a therapy for a cancer is able to cure the condition and eliminate it forever. Various other times a treatment is intended to do the cancer grow slower so it doesn’t cause problems but won’t get rid of the cancer. This goes earlier to the idea that after a cancer metastasizes that is frequently not curable. A great example that a palliative therapy is radiation therapy for a cancer that has actually spread come a bone and also causing a most pain. Radiation could be able make that component of the tumor shrink and also cause much less pain, yet ultimately won’t cure the cancer.

Pathogen: This is something that causes an infectious disease. Pathogens are usually viruses and also bacteria that get in the body and cause one infection, usually through the respiratory tract tract, the skin, the urinary system, or the intestine. There are millions of an excellent bacteria that live on our skin and in our intestines the don’t cause harm and can even help with digestion. Those bacteria room not pathogens together they are not causing problems.

Pathology: Pathology is a ar in medication which focuses on using assorted tests to number out if a sample taken off a person is normal or abnormal and also what the abnormality is. When we talk around sending for circumstances a skin sample come pathology, what we space doing is sending off a piece of skin that we have actually removed to a specialist who works in a activities who deserve to look in ~ the cells in great detail through a microscopic lense or various other special test to number out precisely what the abnormality is, if it is a mole or a skin cancer or some other type of problem.

Psychotropic: This is a very general term come mean any kind of medication or drug which effects or alters the brain’s chemistry in such a way that can transform the brain’s late of reality. There space multiple species of drugs that deserve to do this. It deserve to be harmful if supplied to gain high, for example LSD or various other street drugs. In medication we periodically use safer creates of psychotropic drugs to act serious psychological illnesses such together schizophrenia or psychosis, in which us are changing a disturbed perception of reality to get earlier to a more normal perception of reality.

Sarcoma: This means a tumor that grows from among the center layers of the body (such together the bone, cartilage, muscle, fat), fairly than the lining components of the human body (skin, bladder, lung intestine) i m sorry are dubbed adenomas.

Sclerosis: Sclerosis way stiffening. Athero-sclerosis method stiffening the blood vessels. Sclero-derma way stiffening of part of the skin. There room various varieties of abnormal stiffening the can take place in different parts of the body and also cause problems.

Somatic: generally we talk about somatic in terms of psychiatry. A psycho-somatic pains for example would it is in a pain that is coming because that a misinterpretation of the signals of the brain rather 보다 an actual damage component of the body. This is challenging for modern-day medicine to know in general. That is simple to understand just how a broken bone would reason your brain to understand that there is pains in that part of the body. It isn’t as straightforward to understand why over there is pain understood by your brain without injury or damages going on. To the human with psychosomatic pain, the pain is very real also without injury because the brain gets the final say, and also if the brain thinks over there is pain, it hurts.

Stenosis: Stenosis way narrowing. Whereby occlusion method totally cut off, stenosis is narrowed yet not completely cut off. Favor occlusion this refers to tubular frameworks in the body such together blood vessels. A stenotic carotid artery is a narrowing in the blood ship going come the brain, i m sorry can an outcome in lessened blood flow. In some situations stenosis can over time become an ext advanced and also turn in to an occlusion, whereby a limitation in flow might be turning into no flow at all. In various circumstances depending upon where the stenosis is, it deserve to sometimes be corrected to aid open things earlier up and improve flow.

Thrombosis: Thrombosis method a clot inside a blood vessel the is prevent blood flow. An example of this is a blood clot in the leg, i beg your pardon we speak to a deep venous thrombosis. A thrombosis or blood clot the happens in the brain arteries is a stroke. Over there are several treatments because that thrombosis depending upon where in the human body it occurs.

Topical application: This is talking about the usage of a medicine or treatment put right ~ above the impacted area. Usually when we to speak topical us are definition that that is to be offered on the skin. Because that acne there space topical treatments that are put right ~ above the skin. There are also pills that you have the right to take to assist acne, which would certainly not it is in a subject treatment even though the disorder is that the skin.

Toxicity: Toxicity way that over there is unintended damages to otherwise normal components of the body. The dosing of medicine that we use to treat most disorders is designed to it is in the ideal amount to assist the disorder get much better without doing damages to typical or unaffected parts of the body. Pretty lot every medication the I can think of deserve to be toxicity if provided inappropriately or in really high doses. Also over-the-counter pain and also fever medication like ibuprofen, which deserve to be really beneficial if taken correctly can cause damage, or toxicity, come the kidney if take away in an extremely high doses.

Transcutaneous: Transcutaneous is a combination of 2 words. Trans means through. Cutaneous way skin. A transcutaneous procedure or treatment simply means that the is going with the skin to obtain to one of the depths structures. A transcutaneous injection goes v the class of the skin. A transcutaneous pace an equipment is an electric shock used to the surface of the skin the travels with the skin and also on to the heart wherein the signal can cause the love to beat.

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