The tools in this family members all offered to it is in made of wood, which provides them their name. Today, they room made of wood, metal, plastic or part combination. They space all basically small cylinders or pipes, v holes, an opened at the bottom end and a mouthpiece at the top. Girlfriend play them by blowing air with the mouthpiece (that"s the "wind" in "woodwind") and also opening or closing the holes with your fingers to change the pitch. Metal caps calledkeyscover the feet of most woodwind instruments.

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The mouthpieces for part woodwinds, including the clarinet, oboe and bassoon, use a thin piece of wood referred to as areed, i m sorry vibrates as soon as you blow throughout it. The clarinet provides a solitary reed made of one piece of wood, while the oboe and bassoon use a double reed do of two pieces join together. Just just like the stringed instruments, the smaller woodwinds play greater pitches when the longer and also larger tools play the reduced notes. The woodwind family of tools includes, native the highest sounding instruments to the lowest, thepiccolo,flute,oboe,English horn,clarinet,E-flat clarinet,bassclarinet,bassoonandcontrabassoon.

Learn an ext about every woodwind instrument:Flute• Oboe• Clarinet• Bassoon

Other instrument families:Strings•Brass•Percussion


Thefluteis the oldest of all tools that produce pitched sound (not simply rhythms), and also was originally made from wood, stone, clay or hole reeds choose bamboo. Contemporary flutes space made of silver, yellow or platinum; over there are usually 2 to 4 flutes in an orchestra. A standard flute is a tiny over 2 feet long and is often featured playing the melody. Girlfriend play the flute through holding it sideways v both hands and also blowing throughout a feet in the mouthpiece, much like blowing across the top of a bottle. Her fingers open and close the keys, which transforms the pitch.



A shorter version that the flute is dubbed thepiccolo, which means small in Italian. At fifty percent the size of a typical flute, piccolos pat the highest notes of every the woodwinds; in the orchestra one of the flute football player will also play piccolo if the instrument is required. The high piping sound of the piccolo is additionally heard in classic drum corps and marching tape music.


Theoboeis a 2 foot lengthy black cylinder through metal keys covering that is holes, and also its mouthpiece uses a twin reed, which vibrates when you blow v it. This vibration that the reed renders the air within the oboe move, and also thus create sound. To play it, hold the oboe upright, blow through the double reed in her mouth, and also use both hands to push down top top the tricks to open and also close the holes and change the pitch. There are usually 2 to 4 oboes in one orchestra and they develop a wide variety of pitches, indigenous haunting sound to warm, velvety smooth notes, which make the sound of the oboe really memorable. In enhancement to playing in the orchestra, the an initial oboist is likewise responsible because that tuning the orchestra prior to each concert. Hear for the special keep in mind "A" the the oboe plays prior to the music begins.


English Horn

Despite its name, that isn"t English and it isn"t a horn. TheEnglish hornis actually very closely related to the oboe, additionally uses a double reed, and is play in the same manner. It"s much longer than one oboe and its tube is a bit wider. At the bottom end of the English horn it opens out into a rounded bell shape, which offers it a warmer, fuller sound. Due to the fact that it"s larger, the English horn also has a lower pitch variety than one oboe. One oboe player will also play English horn if the is needed.



Theclarinetcould quickly be mistaken because that an oboe, except for the mouthpiece, which uses a solitary reed. Clarinets come in a number of different sizes, and the typical B-flat clarinet is simply over 2 feet long. Some musical works require the clarinetist come play several varieties of clarinet in the very same piece. The 2 come 4 clarinets in the orchestra pat both melodies and harmonies, and they have a dark well-off sound in their reduced notes, if the upper part of the clarinet"s range is bright and also resonant. Friend play the clarinet as you perform an oboe, through holding the upright, blowing with the reed, and using your hands to change the pitches by opening and also closing the tricks with her fingers.


E-flat Clarinet

The smallerE-flat clarinetis similar to a conventional clarinet, yet about fifty percent the length. Its shorter size allows it to play higher notes.

Bass Clarinet

This is the grand of the clarinet family. Thebass clarinetis so big that that is top and bottom room bent to do it easier for musician to hold and play. Its higher length permits it come play few of the lowest notes in the orchestra.



Thebassoonis a long pipe, doubled in half, do of wood, with numerous keys. The bend in the pipe makes it possible for musician to play the comfortably. If it to be straight, the bassoon would certainly be around 9 feet long! choose the oboe, the bassoon offers a double reed, i beg your pardon is fitted right into a curved steel mouthpiece. There space 2 come 4 bassoons in one orchestra and also they have actually a comparable range to the of the cello. Bassoons generally play lower harmonies, yet you will periodically hear their hole low note featured in a melody. Girlfriend play the bassoon through holding the upright and blowing v the dual reed. The wait travels down the tube and also then makes a u-turn and also goes up and also out the top. As with the oboe, you use both hand to push on the secrets to open and also close the holes and change the pitch.

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Imagine a much longer bassoon with a more comprehensive pipe. Thecontrabassoonis the grand of the wind section and also is so much bigger than a consistent bassoon the its pipe is double over twice to permit the player to host it. It takes a the majority of breath to do sound come the end of together a long pipe! The lone contrabassoon plays the lowest note in the whole orchestra.