The Anatomy of the Eye

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Each eye is located within one orbit
A great of this cushions and protects the eye.

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fat
These upper and lower structures safeguard the vulnerable tissues the the eye. eyelids
These kind a protective barrier that extends outward from the eye to capture foreign substances before they come in contact with the eye. eyelashes
The red, triangle tisse in ~ the medial edge where the eyelids satisfy is referred to as the caruncle
This gland is situated in the superior-lateral aspect of each eye. lacrimal
The lacrimal glands consistently secrete tears that travel with the lacrimal ducts
The tears flow into the lacrimal sac
After the tears flow into the lacrimal sac castle then flow into this duct. nasolacrimal
The delicate, transparent mucous membrane that covers the insides the the eyelids and also the anterior surface ar of the eye is called the conjunctiva
This is referred to as the "white the the eye". sclera
This structure allows light to get in the eye. cornea
The colored component of her eye is dubbed the iris
In glowing light, muscles in the iris contract come constrict and also decrease the diamater that the pupil. This procedure is recognized as miosis
In dim light, muscle in the iris relax to dilate and also increase the diameter the the pupil. This process is referred to as mydriasis
Eye shade is identified by genetics
The spongy membrane the blood vessels that is part of the internal structure that the eye is referred to as choroid
The expansion of the choroid the holds the lens in location behind the iris is called the ciliary body
The clear, functional disk behind the pupil is called the lens
The lens that the eye is surrounding by the lens capsule
The process by which the lens changes shape is referred to as accomodation
The little space in between the cornea and the iris is called the anterior chamber
The an extremely narrow an are posterior to the iris is referred to as the posterior chamber
The clear, watery liquid that is produced continuously through the ciliary body is dubbed aqueous humor
The largest room in the eye is the posterior cavity
The clear, gel-like substance that helps maintian the shape of the eye is referred to as vitreous humor
The geneal word because that the retina is the fundus
The thin layer of tissue that present the bent posterior wall surface of the eye is the retina
The bright, yellow-white circle with sharp edges in the room of the retina closest to the sleep is called the optic disk
The optic decaying is wherein this framework enters the eye.

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optic nerve
The optic disk is additionally known as the blind spot
The dark yellow,orange area behind the optic disc is the macula
The little depression in the facility of the macula is the fovea
Light beam entering the pupil loss on the macula
These muscles control the activity of the eye. extraocular
The extraocular muscles space attached to the sclera by tendons
The retina includes special light-sensitive cells well-known as rods and also cones
Rods finding black and white however not color
Cones are only sensitive come color
This combining form means "before; former part" anter/o
The combining type means"to adapt" accommod/o
This combining form means "watery substance" aque/o
This combining form means "choroid (middle layer roughly the eye) choroid/o
This combining type means "hairlike structure' cili/o
This combining type means "ciliary human body (of the eye); circle; cycle" cycl/o
This combining form means "conjunctiva" conjunctiv/o
The combining develops "corne/o and kerat/o" both mean cornea
The combining forms "ocul/o, opt/o, and ophthalm/o" all mean eye
The combining type "blephar/o" means eyelid
The combining kind that means "small depression area" is fove/o
The combining forms "fund/o and also fundu/o" both mean fundus
The combining develops "irid/o and also ir/o" both mean iris
The combining form "lacrim/o" means tears
This combining type means "before; prior part" anter/o
The combining kind means"to adapt" accommod/o
This combining type means "watery substance" aque/o
This combining type means "choroid (middle layer approximately the eye) choroid/o
This combining kind means "hairlike structure' cili/o
This combining form means "ciliary human body (of the eye); circle; cycle" cycl/o
This combining form means "conjunctiva" conjunctiv/o
The combining develops "corne/o and also kerat/o" both mean cornea
The combining forms "ocul/o, opt/o, and also ophthalm/o" every mean eye
The combining form "blephar/o" means eyelid
The combining type that method "small depression area" is fove/o
The combining forms "fund/o and also fundu/o" both mean fundus
The combining creates "irid/o and ir/o" both mean iris
The combining kind "lacrim/o" means tears
The combining kind that means "lacrimal sac; tears" is dacry/o
The combining creates "lenticul/o, lent/o, phac/o and phak/o" all mean lens
The combining type "capsul/o" means capsule
The combining kind that method "small area or spot" is macul/o
The combining form "mi/o" means narrowing
The combining type "mydr/o" means widening
The combining form "nas/o" means nose
The combining type that way "back part" is poster/o
The combining type that means "hollow space" is cav/o
The combining develops "pupill/o and cor/o" mean pupil
The combining form "retin/o" method retina
The combining type that way "hard; sclera" is scler/o
The combining form that way "three dimensions" is stere/o
The combining type that means "to examine with an instrument" is scop/o
The combining kind that means "sight; vision" is vis/o
The combining type that way "transparent substance; vitreous humor" is vitre/o
The conditiion of "inflammation or infection of the eyelid" is called blepharitis
Drooping of the upper eyelid is referred to as blepharoptosis
Weakening that the connective tissue in the lower eyelid is dubbed ectropion
The suffix that means "state of prolapse; drooping; falling" is -ptosis
The weakening the the muscle in the lower eyelid is dubbed entropion
The clinical term because that "sty" is hordoleum
If the sty becomes inflamed a semisolid cyst that is dubbed a chalazion
A bacterial epidemic of the lacrimal sac is called dacryocystitis
Insufficient production of tears bring about eye irritation is referred to as xerophthalmia
Inflamed, reddened, and swollen conjunctiva is called conjunctivitis
The common name because that conjunctivitis is pink eye
The combining form "xer/o" means dry
The pfefix that way "in; within; inward" is en-
Pronounced exterior bulging that the anterior surface ar of the eye is referred to as exophthalmos
Yellow coloration that the conjunctivae is referred to as icterus
Unequal sizes of the student is called anisocoria
Increased intraocular pressure in the eye is called glaucoma
Blood in the anterior room of the eye due to trauma or boosted pressure is referred to as hyphema
Abnormal sensitivity to bright light is referred to as photophobia
Inflammation or infection of the uveal street in the eye is referred to as uveitis
The combining kind "phot/o" means light
The combining type that method "fear; avoidance" is phob/o
Condition in i beg your pardon the lens of the eye has actually been surgically gotten rid of is dubbed aphakia
Clouding in the lenses that the eye is referred to as cataract
The combining type "presby/o" means old age
Loss of adaptability of the lens with blurry close to vision caused by aging is called presbyopia
The prefix that method "within" is intra-
The combining kind that method "silver grey" is glauc/o
The combining type "anis/o" means unequal
The combining form "icter/o" means jaundice
The combining form "ulcerat/o" means ulcer
The combining form that means "scrape off" is abras/o
A chronic progressive condition of the eye in human being with diabetes is dubbed diabetic retinopathy
Clumps, dots, or strings of collagen molecules that kind in the vitreous humor since of aging are referred to as floaters
Chronic, gradual loss of central vision is referred to as macular degeneration
Marked decrease in visual acuity at night or in dim light is referred to as night blindness
Inflammation and edema the the optic disk led to by increased intracranial press is referred to as papilledema
The combining type that means "elevated structure" is papill/o
The suffix that way "swelling" is -edema
The combining kind "ne/o" means new
The suffix that way "disease; suffering" is -pathy
Cancerous tumor that the retina in kids is referred to as retinoblastoma
The combining kind "matur/o" means mature
The combining form that method "growth; formation" is plas/o
The combining form that method "immature; embryonic" is blast/o
Involuntary, rhythmic movements of the eye is dubbed nystagmus
The medical term because that the condition commonly known together "cross-eye" is strabismus
The combining kind that means "point; mark" is stigmat/o
A vision problem in i beg your pardon the patient's vision is blurry both near and at a distance is dubbed astigmatism
The medical term for "farsightedness" is hyperopia
The clinical term for "nearsightedness" is myopia
The medical term for the condition typically known together "lazy eye" is amblyopia
Double vision is called diplopia
Temporary or long-term visual field defect in one or both eyes is called scotoma
The combining type "scot/o" means darkness
The combining kind "dipl/o" means double
The combining type "ambly/o" means dimness
The combining form "myop/o" method near
The suffix that way "condtion that vision" is -opia
The prefix that means "one-half" is hemi-
Plastic surgical procedure to eliminate fat and also sagging skin type the eyelids is referred to as blehpharoplasty
The procedure to remove the eye from the orbit is referred to as enucleation