You are watching: Major bodies of water in russia
|Main INDEX|Country RanksINDEX forRussiaHistoryGeographySociety GovernmentEconomyMapsFlagsGlossaryDEFINITIONS . Feedback
Russia Drainagehttps://moment-g.com/countries/russia/geography/russia_geography_drainage.htmlSources: The Library the Congress nation Studies; CIA world FactbookBack to Russia location Russia is a water-rich country. The earliest negotiations in the country sprang up follow me the rivers, where most of the urban populace continues come live. The Volga, Europe"s longest river, is by much Russia"s most necessary commercial waterway. Four of the country"s thirteen biggest cities are situated on the banks: Nizhniy Novgorod, Samara, Kazan", and Volgograd. The Kama River, which operation west indigenous the southerly Urals to sign up with the Volga in the Republic of Tatarstan, is a second vital European water mechanism whose financial institutions are densely populated.Russia has thousands of rivers and inland bodies of water, providing it with among the world"s largest surface-water resources. However, many of Russia"s rivers and streams belong to the Arctic drainage basin, i m sorry lies largely in Siberia but also includes part of europe Russia. Altogether, 84 percent of Russia"s surface water is located eastern of the Urals in rivers flowing with sparsely occupied territory and into the Arctic and Pacific oceans. In contrast, areas with the greatest concentrations of population, and therefore the highest need for water supplies, have tendency to have the warmest climates and also highest prices of evaporation. Together a result, densely populated locations such together the Don and Kuban" river basins north the the Caucasus have barely sufficient (or in some instances inadequate) water resources.Forty of Russia"s rivers longer than 1,000 kilometers are eastern of the Urals, consisting of the three significant rivers that drainpipe Siberia as they flow northward come the Arctic Ocean: the Irtysh-Ob" system (totaling 5,380 kilometers), the Yenisey (4,000 kilometers), and also the Lena (3,630 kilometers). The basins of those river equipment cover about 8 million square kilometers, discharging almost 50,000 cubic meters of water per 2nd into the Arctic Ocean. The northward flow of these rivers way that source areas thaw prior to the locations downstream, creating vast swamps such as the 48,000-square-kilometer Vasyugane Swamp in the facility of the West Siberian Plain. The very same is true of various other river systems, including the Pechora and the north Dvina in Europe and the Kolyma and the Indigirka in Siberia. About 10 percent of Russian territory is classified as swampland.A variety of other rivers drain Siberia native eastern hill ranges into the Pacific Ocean. The Amur River and its main tributary, the Ussuri, form a lengthy stretch that the winding boundary in between Russia and China. The Amur device drains many of southeastern Siberia. Three basins drain european Russia. The Dnepr, i beg your pardon flows mainly through Belarus and also Ukraine, has actually its headwaters in the hills west the Moscow. The 1,860-kilometer Don originates in the central Russian Upland south of Moscow and also then flows right into the Sea of Azov and the black Sea at Rostov-na-Donu. The Volga is the third and by far the largest of the europe systems, rising in the Valday Hills west of Moscow and meandering southeastward for 3,510 kilometers prior to emptying right into the Caspian Sea. Altogether, the Volga mechanism drains around 1.4 million square kilometers. Linked by numerous canals, european Russia"s rivers long have been a crucial transportation system; the Volga device still carries two-thirds that Russia"s inland water web traffic (see Transportation, ch. 6).Russia"s inland body of water are chiefly a legacy of extensive glaciation. In european Russia, the largest lakes are Ladoga and Onega northeast that St. Petersburg, Lake Peipus on the Estonian border, and the Rybinsk Reservoir phibìc of Moscow. Smaller synthetic reservoirs, 160 to 320 kilometers long, are on the Don, the Kama, and the Volga rivers. Many big reservoirs also have been built on the Siberian rivers; the Bratsk Reservoir northwest that Lake Baikal is among the world"s largest.The most significant of Russia"s bodies of fresh water is Lake Baikal, the world"s deepest and also most capacious freshwater lake. Lake Baikal alone stop 85 percent that the freshwater sources of the lakes in Russia and 20 percent the the world"s total. It extends 632 kilometers in length and also fifty-nine kilometers across at that widest point. Its preferably depth is 1,713 meters. Numerous smaller lakes dot the north regions that the European and also Siberian plains. The largest of these room lakes Beloye, Topozero, Vyg, and also Il"men" in the europe northwest and also Lake Chany in southwestern Siberia.ClimateRussia has actually a largely continental climate because of its slim size and also compact configuration. Most of its soil is an ext than 400 kilometers native the sea, and the center is 3,840 kilometers indigenous the sea. In addition, Russia"s mountain ranges, predominantly to the south and also the east, block moderating temperature from the Indian and Pacific oceans, however European Russia and northern Siberia lack such topographic security from the Arctic and also North Atlantic oceans.Because only tiny parts of Russia are southern of 50° phibìc latitude and more than half of the country is phibìc of 60° north latitude, extensive regions experience 6 months of eye cover end subsoil the is permanently frozen to depth as far as numerous hundred meters. The typical yearly temperature that nearly all of European Russia is listed below freezing, and the average for most of Siberia is freezing or below. Many of Russia has actually only two seasons, summer and also winter, with really short intervals that moderation in between them. Transport routes, including whole railroad lines, are redirected in winter to traverse rock-solid waterways and also lakes. Some areas constitute crucial exceptions to this description, however: the moderate naval climate the Kaliningrad Oblast on the Baltic Sea is comparable to that of the American Northwest; the Russian much East, under the affect of the Pacific Ocean, has a monsoonal climate that reverses the direction of wind in summer and also winter, sharply distinguishing temperatures; and a narrow, subtropical band of territory offers Russia"s most renowned summer will area ~ above the black color Sea.In winter an intense high-pressure system reasons winds to punch from the south and also the southwest in all yet the Pacific an ar of the Russian landmass; in summer a low-pressure system brings winds indigenous the north and also the northwest to most of the landmass. The meteorological combination reduces the wintertime temperature difference in between north and south. Thus, average January temperatures room -8°C in St. Petersburg, -27°C in the West Siberian Plain, and -43°C in ~ Yakutsk (in east-central Siberia, at about the very same latitude as St. Petersburg), while the winter average on the Mongolian border, whose latitude is part 10° farther south, is barely warmer. Summer temperatures are an ext affected through latitude, however; the Arctic islands average 4°C, and the most southern regions typical 20°C. Russia"s potential for temperature extremes is typified by the nationwide record short of -94°C, recorded at Verkhoyansk in north-central Siberia and the record high the 38°C, taped at numerous southern stations.The long, cold winter has actually a profound influence on almost every aspect of life in the Russian Federation. That affects where and also how long civilization live and work, what type of crops are grown, and where they are grown (no part of the nation has a year-round growing season). The length and also severity of the winter, in addition to the spicy fluctuations in the typical summer and also winter temperatures, impose special needs on numerous branches the the economy. In regions of permafrost, buildings must be created on pilings, machinery must be make of particularly tempered steel, and also transportation systems have to be engineered to execute reliably in very low and extremely high temperatures. In addition, throughout extended periods of darkness and cold, there are enhanced demands for energy, health care, and also textiles.Because Russia has little exposure to ocean influences, many of the nation receives low to moderate quantities of precipitation. Highest precipitation drops in the northwest, with amounts decreasing indigenous northwest to southeast across European Russia. The wettest areas are the small, lush subtropical an ar adjacent come the Caucasus and along the Pacific coast. Along the Baltic coast, average yearly precipitation is 600 millimeters, and in Moscow the is 525 millimeters. An median of only twenty millimeters falls along the Russian-Kazak border, and also as small as fifteen millimeters may autumn along Siberia"s Arctic coastline. Average annual days of snow cover, a an important factor for agriculture, relies on both latitude and altitude. Cover varies from forty to 200 days in europe Russia, and from 120 come 250 job in Siberia.Data as of July 1996NOTE: The information about Russia on this page is re-published indigenous The Library that Congress country Studies and the CIA human being Factbook. No claims are made about the accuracy that Russia Drainage information included here.
See more: How Long Can You Freeze Crab Legs Last In The Freezer? How Long Does Frozen Crab Meat Last
All proposal for correction of any kind of errors around Russia Drainage have to be addressed to the Library of Congress and also the CIA.
Please put this page in her BOOKMARKS - - - - -