In the Russian language, the possessive pronouns incorporate words мой (my), твой (familiar your), наш (our), ваш (polite your), свой. The own pronouns suggest that points belong to somebody or other else. And also you will certainly hear one own pronoun or an additional if you ask a question Чей? Чья? Чьё? or Чьи? for example:

Мы любуемся твоей красотой.

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Чьей красотой мы любуемся? Наш город большой. Чей город большой? Свои успехи не восхваляй. Чьи успехи не восхваляй?

Note that English own pronouns have two forms: mine - mine, her - hers, your - yours. In Russian, there is only one kind of possessive pronouns. Because that instance, both "my" and also "mine" are always translated as мой. Friend probably have an idea of an individual pronouns from ours previous lessons. Simply recall the third person genitive of personal pronouns (его, её, их). You may now usage them prefer possessive pronouns. For example: Я буду встречаться с его (её, их) братом. The possessive pronouns change: through number (мой - singular, мои - plural) by gender (наш - masculine, наша - feminine) by situations (see the tables) Мой, твоя, наш


Case masculine, singular feminine, singular neuter, singular
Nominative мой твоя наше
Genitive моего твоей нашего
Dative моему твоей нашему
Accusative мой (animate) моего (inanimate) твою наше
Instrumental моим твоей нашим
Prepositional о моём о твоей о нашем

Case masculine, singular neuter, singular any gender, plural
Nominative ваш своё свои
Genitive вашего своего своих
Dative вашему своему своим
Accusative ваш (animate) вашего (inanimate) своё своих (animate) свои (inanimate)
Instrumental вашим своим своими
Prepositional о вашем о своём о своих

Now, if the possessive pronoun его, её and also их look and sound the same as personal pronouns, how will girlfriend tell which one is which? The prize is that you should type a question directed to this pronouns. The an individual pronouns его, её and also их price the questions Кого? Чего? for example: Я видел её на прошлой неделе. Видел кого?I experienced her critical week. Who did girlfriend see? Он встретил их на улице. Встретил кого? He met lock on a street. Whom did that meet? Нам нужна вода. Без неё не прожить. Не прожить без чего? We require water. One cannot remain alive without it. there is no what one cannot remain alive?

The possessive pronouns его, её and also их price the concerns Чей? Чья? Чьё? Чьи? because that example: Это её книга. Чья книга? This is her book. Whose book is this? Это их школа.Чья это школа? This is their school. Whose college is this? Она взяла его руку. Чью руку она взяла? She took his hand. Who hand go she take?

The good news is that the possessive pronoun его, её and их carry out not adjust by number and also cases. Below are some examples.
Case Sentence
Nominative Илья и его сестра.
Genitive Жить у его сестры.
Dative Приехать к его сестре.
Accusative Повидать его сестру.
Instrumental Встретиться с его сестрой.
Prepositional Думать о его сестре.

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