You are watching: Explain both the structural and functional classifications of the nervous system
The structural classification includes all the nervous device organs. The significant subdivisions are the main nervous device which contains the mind and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous mechanism which is mainly nerves.
Two significant cell groups consist of the nervous system- neurons and connective tissue cells such together astrocytes and Schwann cells. Which space "nervous" cells? Why? What space the significant functions that the other cell group?
neurons space the "neurons cells"; they exhibition irritability and also conductivity. The major functions that the glia are protecting, support, myelination, and a nutritive/metabolic duty relative come the neurons. Schwann cells room myelinating cells in the peripheral nervous system.
Based on the general direction that the impulse, the is, towards (afferent) or away from (efferent) the CNS, and also whether or no the neuron is a connecting neuron (interneuron) in the afferent/efferent pathways.
Briefly define how nerve impulses space initiated and transmitted, and why one-way conduction in ~ synapses constantly happen.
A threshold stimulus causes a readjust in membrane permeabilitythat allows Na+ to get in the neuron v sodium gates. This causes local depolarization and also generates the action potential, which is then self-propagating. This event is quickly followed through a second permeability change that restricts Na+ entrance but enables K+ to leave the neuron.
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Name four types of cutaneous sensory receptors. I beg your pardon of the cutaneous receptor varieties is many numerous? Why?
Pain receptors; Pacinian corpuscles (deep pressure) and also Meissner"s corpuscles (light pressure); temperature receptor (e.g. Krause end bulbs
A reflex arc is a neural pathway over which a reflex occurs. The minimum number of components is 5 (a receptor, one afferent neuron, one integration center, an efferent neuron, and also an effector)
Hole"s Essentials of person Anatomy & Physiology12th EditionDavid N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis