l;»¿ Shakespeare"s Julius Caesar act 2 scene 1 - Brutus decides to death Caesar
Please check out the bottom of the page for complete explanatory notes and helpful resources. Action II step IRome. BRUTUS"s orchard.Enter BRUTUS.BRUTUSWhat, Lucius, ho!I cannot, by the progress of the stars,Give guess exactly how near come day. Lucius, ns say!I would it were my fault to sleep for this reason soundly.When, Lucius, when? awake, i say! what, Lucius!5Enter LUCIUS.LUCIUSCall"d you, mine lord?BRUTUSGet me a taper in mine study, Lucius:When that is lighted, come and call me here.LUCIUSI will, my lord.ExitBRUTUSIt must be by his death: and for my part,10I know no an individual cause come spurn in ~ him,But for the general. He would certainly be crown"d:How the might readjust his nature, there"s the question.It is the shining day the brings soon the adder;And that craves wary walking. Crown him?--that;--15And then, i grant, we placed a sting in him,That in ~ his will certainly he might do danger with.The abuse of greatness is, as soon as it disjoinsRemorse indigenous power: and, come speak truth of Caesar,I have actually not known when his affections sway"d20More 보다 his reason. But "tis a typical proof,That lowliness is young ambition"s ladder,Whereto the climber-upward turns his face;But once he when attains the upmost round.
He then depend the ladder turns his back,25Looks in the clouds, scorning the base degreesBy which that did ascend. So Caesar may.Then, lest the may, prevent. And, since the quarrelWill be affected by each other no colour because that the thing he is,Fashion that thus; the what the is, augmented,30Would operation to these and these extremities:And because of this think him as a serpent"s eggWhich, hatch"d, would, together his kind, flourish mischievous,And kill him in the shell.Re-enter LUCIUS.LUCIUSThe taper burneth in her closet, sir.35Searching the window for a flint, ns foundThis paper, hence seal"d up; and, ns am sure,It did not lie there when I checked out bed.Gives that the letter.BRUTUSGet you to bed again; that is no day.Is not to-morrow, boy, the ides that March?40LUCIUSI understand not, sir.BRUTUSLook in the calendar, and bring me word.LUCIUSI will, sir.ExitBRUTUSThe exhalations whizzing in the airGive so much light the I may read by them.45Opens the letter and also reads"Brutus, you sleep"st: awake, and also see thyself.Shall Rome, &c. Speak, strike, redress!Brutus, you sleep"st: awake!"Such instigations have actually been frequently dropp"dWhere I have actually took lock up.50"Shall Rome, &c." thus must I piece it out:Shall Rome was standing under one man"s awe? What, Rome?My ancestors go from the highways of RomeThe Tarquin drive, once he was call"d a king."Speak, strike, redress!" Am i entreated55To speak and strike? O Rome, ns make thee promise:If the redress will certainly follow, you receivestThy full petition at the hand that Brutus!Re-enter LUCIUS.LUCIUSSir, march is wasted fourteen days.Knocking withinBRUTUS"Tis good. Go to the gate; someone knocks.Exit LUCIUS.Since Cassius very first did whet me against Caesar,61I have not slept.Between the acting of a devastating thingAnd the an initial motion, all the interim isLike a phantasma, or a hideous dream:65The Genius and the mortal instrumentsAre climate in council; and also the state that man,Like to a tiny kingdom, suffers thenThe nature of an insurrection.Re-enter LUCIUS.LUCIUSSir, "tis your brother Cassius at the door,70Who doth desire to view you.BRUTUSIs that alone?LUCIUSNo, sir, there are moe with him.BRUTUSDo you recognize them?LUCIUSNo, sir; their hats space pluck"d around their ears,And fifty percent their faces buried in your cloaks,That through no way I may find them75By any mark that favour.BRUTUSLet "em enter.Exit LUCIUS.They are the faction. O conspiracy,Shamest you to present thy danger brow through night,When evils are many free? O, climate by dayWhere wilt thou find a cavern dark enough80To mask her monstrous visage? look for none, conspiracy;Hide the in smiles and also affability:For if thou path, thy aboriginal semblance on,Not Erebus itself were dim enoughTo hide thee indigenous prevention.85Enter the conspirators, CASSIUS, CASCA, DECIUS BRUTUS, CINNA, METELLUS CIMBER, and TREBONIUSCASSIUSI think we space too bold upon her rest:Good morrow, Brutus; do we problem you?BRUTUSI have been up this hour, awake all night.Know ns these guys that come together with you?CASSIUSYes, every male of them, and no guy here90But honours you; and also every one doth wishYou had however that opinion of yourselfWhich every noble roman inn bears that you.This is Trebonius.BRUTUSHe is welcome hither.CASSIUSThis, Decius Brutus.BRUTUSHe is welcome too.CASSIUSThis, Casca; this, Cinna; and this, Metellus Cimber.BRUTUSThey space all welcome.What watchful cares execute interpose themselvesBetwixt her eyes and night?99CASSIUSShall ns entreat a word?BRUTUS and also CASSIUS whisper.DECIUS BRUTUSHere lies the east: doth no the day break here?CASCANo.CINNAO, pardon, sir, the doth; and yon gray linesThat worry the clouds room messengers the day.CASCAYou candlestick confess the you room both deceived.105Here, together I point my sword, the sun arises,Which is a good way farming on the south,Weighing the youthful season the the year.Some 2 months thus up higher toward the northHe very first presents his fire; and also the high east110Stands, together the Capitol, directly here.BRUTUSGive me your hands every over, one by one.CASSIUSAnd let us swear ours resolution.BRUTUSNo, not an oath: if no the face of men,The sufferance of our souls, the time"s abuse,--115If this be engine weak, break turn off betimes,And every man thus to his idle bed;So permit high-sighted tyranny selection on,Till each guy drop through lottery. But if these,As i am certain they do, be affected by each other fire enough120To kindle cowards and to steel with valourThe melt spirits that women, then, countrymen,What require we any kind of spur but our own cause,To prick us to redress? what various other bondThan an enig Romans, that have spoke the word,125And will not palter? and what various other oathThan honesty to honesty engaged,That this chandelier be, or us will autumn for it?Swear priests and also cowards and also men cautelous,Old feeble carrions and also such enduring souls130That welcome wrongs; unto poor causes swearSuch creatures as males doubt; yet do not stainThe also virtue of our enterprise,Nor the insuppressive mettle of ours spirits,To think the or our reason or ours performance135Did need an oath; once every fall of bloodThat every roman inn bears, and also nobly bears,Is guilty the a several bastardy,If he carry out break the the smallest particleOf any promise that hath pass"d from him.140CASSIUSBut what the Cicero? shall us sound him?I think he will stand very strong with us.CASCALet united state not leave him out.CINNANo, by no means.METELLUS CIMBERO, permit us have him, because that his silver hairsWill acquisition us a an excellent opinion145And buy men"s voices to commend our deeds:It shall it is in said, his referee ruled our hands;Our youths and wildness chandelier no whit appear,But all be buried in his gravity.BRUTUSO, surname him not: let united state not break v him;For he will never ever follow any kind of thing151That other men begin.CASSIUSThen leave him out.CASCAIndeed he is no fit.DECIUS BRUTUSShall no guy else be touch"d but only Caesar?CASSIUSDecius, fine urged: ns think the is not meet,Mark Antony, so well beloved that Caesar,Should outlive Caesar: we shall discover of himA shrewd contriver; and, you know, his means,If he enhance them, may well stretch so farAs come annoy us all: which to prevent,160Let Antony and Caesar fall together.BRUTUSOur course will certainly seem too bloody, Caius Cassius,To cut the head off and then hack the limbs,Like wrath in death and also envy afterwards;For Antony is yet a limb of Caesar:Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers, Caius.We all stand up versus the spirit of Caesar;And in the heart of males there is no blood:O, that we then can come by Caesar"s spirit,And not dismember Caesar! But, alas,170Caesar need to bleed for it! And, tenderness friends,Let"s kill him boldly, yet not wrathfully;Let"s carve him together a dish fit for the gods,Not hew him as a carcass fit because that hounds:And let ours hearts, as subtle masters do,175Stir up their servants come an action of rage,And after seem to chide "em. This shall makeOur purpose necessary and not envious:Which so appearing to the typical eyes,We shall it is in call"d purgers, not murderers.180And for note Antony, think no of him;For he can do no much more than Caesar"s armWhen Caesar"s head is off.CASSIUSYet I fear him;For in the ingrafted love he bears to Caesar--BRUTUSAlas, great Cassius, carry out not think the him:185If the love Caesar, all the he can doIs to himself, take it thought and also die for Caesar:And that were much he should; for he is givenTo sports, come wildness and much company.TREBONIUSThere is no are afraid in him; permit him not die;190For he will certainly live, and laugh in ~ this hereafter.Clock strikes.BRUTUSPeace! counting the clock.CASSIUSThe clock afoot stricken three.TREBONIUS"Tis time to part.CASSIUSBut the is skeptical yet,Whether Caesar will certainly come forth to-day, or no;For that is superstitious get an impression of late,195Quite indigenous the main opinion he held onceOf fantasy, that dreams and also ceremonies:It might be, these noticeable prodigies,The unaccustom"d terror of this night,And the persuasion that his augurers,200May organize him native the Capitol to-day.DECIUS BRUTUSNever fear that: if he it is in so resolved,I have the right to o"ersway him; because that he loves to hearThat unicorns might be betray"d through trees,And bears with glasses, elephants v holes,205Lions through toils and also men through flatterers;But once I tell the he no flatterers,He states he does, being then many flattered.Let me work;For i can offer his humour the true bent,210And i will bring him come the Capitol.CASSIUSNay, we will all of us be there to fetch him.BRUTUSBy the eighth hour: is the the uttermost?CINNABe the the uttermost, and also fail no then.METELLUS CIMBERCaius Ligarius doth be affected by each other Caesar hard,215Who rated him because that speaking well of Pompey:I wonder no one of you have actually thought of him.BRUTUSNow, good Metellus, go follow me by him:He loves me well, and I have provided him reasons;Send him yet hither, and I"ll fashion him.220CASSIUSThe morning come upon"s: we"ll leave you, Brutus.And, friends, disperse yourselves; yet all rememberWhat you have actually said, and also show yourselves true Romans.BRUTUSGood gentlemen, watch fresh and also merrily;Let no our looks placed on ours purposes,225But bear it as our roman actors do,With untired spirits and also formal constancy:And so good morrow come you every one. Exeunt all but BRUTUS.Boy! Lucius! fast asleep? it is no matter;Enjoy the honey-heavy dew that slumber:230Thou aside from that no figures nor no fantasies,Which busy treatment draws in the brains of men;Therefore you sleep"st so sound.Enter PORTIA.PORTIABrutus, my lord!BRUTUSPortia, what typical you? wherefore climb you now?It is not for your health and wellness thus come commit235Your weak condition to the raw cold morning.PORTIANor because that yours neither. You"ve ungently, Brutus,Stole from my bed: and also yesternight, at supper,You suddenly arose, and walk"d about,Musing and sighing, v your eight across,240And once I ask"d you what the issue was,You stared ~ above me through ungentle looks;I urged girlfriend further; then you scratch"d your head,And too impatiently stamp"d v your foot;Yet ns insisted, however you answer"d not,245But, with an angry wafture of your hand,Gave authorize for me to leaving you: so i did;Fearing come strengthen the impatienceWhich seem"d too lot enkindled, and withalHoping the was but an result of humour,250Which at some time hath his hour with every man.It will certainly not let girlfriend eat, nor talk, nor sleep,And can it occupational so much upon your shapeAs the hath much prevail"d on your condition,I need to not know you, Brutus. Dear my lord,255Make me acquainted through your cause of grief.BRUTUSI am no well in health, and that is all.PORTIABrutus is wise, and, were he not in health,He would adopt the way to come by it.BRUTUSWhy, so i do. Great Portia, walk to bed.260PORTIAIs Brutus sick? and is that physicalTo go unbraced and also suck increase the humoursOf the dank morning? What, is Brutus sick,And will certainly he steal the end of his healthy bed,To challenge the vile contagion that the night265And tempt the rheumy and also unpurged airTo add unto his sickness? No, my Brutus;You have some ailing offence within her mind,Which, by the right and virtue of my place,I ought to understand of: and, upon mine knees,270I charm you, by my once-commended beauty,By all her vows the love and also that great vowWhich go incorporate and make united state one,That girlfriend unfold come me, yourself, your half,Why you are heavy, and what guys to-night275Have had to resort to you: because that here have beenSome six or seven, that did hide your facesEven indigenous darkness.BRUTUSKneel not, gentle Portia.PORTIAI need to not need, if you to be gentle Brutus.Within the shortcut of marriage, call me, Brutus,280Is that excepted i should understand no secretsThat appertain come you? Am i yourselfBut, together it were, in sort or limitation,To save with you at meals, comfort your bed,And speak to girlfriend sometimes? Dwell I however in the suburbs285Of your good pleasure? If it be no more,Portia is Brutus" harlot, no his wife.BRUTUSYou room my true and honourable wife,As dear come me as space the ruddy dropsThat visit my sad heart290PORTIAIf this to be true, then have to I know this secret.I approve I am a woman; but withalA woman that Lord Brutus took to wife:I grant I to be a woman; but withalA mrs well-reputed, Cato"s daughter.295Think you ns am no more powerful than mine sex,Being therefore father"d and also so husbanded?Tell me your counsels, I will certainly not disclose "em:I have made solid proof of mine constancy,Giving myself a voluntary wound300Here, in the thigh: have the right to I be afflicted with that through patience.And not my husband"s secrets?BRUTUSO ye gods,Render me worthy the this noble wife!Knocking within.Hark, hark! one knocks: Portia, walk in awhile;And by and by your bosom chandelier partake305The keys of mine heart.All mine engagements I will construe to thee,All the charactery of my sad brows:Leave me with haste.Exit PORTIA.Lucius, who"s that knocks?309Re-enter LUCIUS through LIGARIUS.LUCIUSHe is a sick man that would speak v you.BRUTUSCaius Ligarius, the Metellus spake of.Boy, stand aside. Caius Ligarius! how?LIGARIUSVouchsafe great morrow indigenous a feeble tongue.BRUTUSO, what a time have you determined out, brave Caius,To stay a kerchief! would you were no sick!LIGARIUSI am not sick, if Brutus have in handAny exploit worthy the surname of honour.BRUTUSSuch an make use of have i in hand, Ligarius,Had you a healthful ear come hear of it.LIGARIUSBy every the gods that Romans bow before,320I here discard mine sickness! heart of Rome!Brave son, obtained from honourable loins!Thou, like an exorcist, aside from that conjured upMy mortified spirit. Now bid me run,And I will strive with things impossible;Yea, gain the far better of them. What"s come do?BRUTUSA piece of occupational that will make sick guys whole.LIGARIUSBut are not some entirety that we must make sick?BRUTUSThat should we also. What it is, mine Caius,I candlestick unfold to thee, together we room going330To whom it have to be done.LIGARIUSSet on your foot,And v a love new-fired i follow you,To do I recognize not what: but it sufficethThat Brutus leader me on.335BRUTUSFollow me, then.Exeunt Next: Julius Caesar, action 2, scene 2_____Explanatory Notes because that Act 2, scene 1From Julius Caesar. Ed. Samuel Thurber. Boston: Allyn and also Bacon. ____ACT II Scene 1 We must imagine that an hour or more has passed due to the fact that the finish of plot I, because that it currently is nearly daylight the the 15th of March. A tiny later Cassius hears a clock to win three. Brutus" orchard. We must say "Brutus" garden." Shakespeare supplies these two words together synonyms. 1. What, Lucius! "What" and "when" (line 5 below) were typical words of exclamation or calling, choose our colloquial "Hi, there," or "Oh." once Shylock is leave his home he calls come his daughter within to come out and also speak to him: "What, Jessica! . . . Why, Jessica, i say!" 3. How near to day. We have to supply "it is." 7. Taper. A type of wick or little candle, more than likely made the wax. 11. To spurn at him: to disapprove him, or practically "to strike at him." later Caesar says, "I spurn thee favor a cur out of mine way," which is the more common usage of the word. 12. The general: the public, the community. 14. The is the shining day, etc. Simply as snakes come out to bask in the heat sun, for this reason the "sunshine that royalty, -- the dazzle of gift king, -- will certainly kindle the serpent in Caesar." 15. The craves wary walking: that needs careful, watchful walking. Notice that here, and also again at the finish of his soliloquy (32-34), Brutus has actually not forgotten his compare of Caesar and a serpent. -- that: be that so; intend him crowned. 17. Do danger with: do what is dangerous, -- like our expressions "do mischief," "do harm," "do wrong," etc. 18. When it disjoins remorse: as soon as it the end mercy, or pity, native power. 20. His affections swayed: his emotions, or feelings, governed him an ext than his reason. 21. A typical proof: a usual experience, a thing typically proved. 26. The basic degrees: the reduced steps, the lower rounds the the ladder. A degree is literally a "step down." 28. Prevent: anticipate, gain ahead the him. 28, 29. Because the quarrel will certainly bear no color, etc. The is, "Since our case versus him cannot be justified by what that is now, let us state our argument thus," etc. Professor Hudson therefore sums up Brutus" reasoning: "Since we have no noticeable ground the complaint versus Caesar in what he is, or in something he has actually yet done, let us assume that the further enhancement of a crown will fairly transform his nature, and also make that a serpent." 33. As his kind: choose the remainder of its kind, or species. 34. Death him. the is, -- let us, therefore, kill him in the shell. 35. Closet. This native was previously used for any small room specialized to retirement, privacy, or study, and was no confined to a room because that storing clothes or dishes. Here Lucius refers to Brutus" private study. (See line 7 above.) 36. A flint. A item of stone used with tinder for striking a fire. 44. Exhalations: meteors. The ancients believed that the sun drew vapor up from the earth and then exhaled it, or breathed the forth, in the type of meteors. 47. Redress: collection right the which is wrong. 48. Brutus, you sleep"st. See note on I, 3, 146. 50. I have took. to compare this with "mistook her passion" in I, 2, 48, and see note. 53. My ancestors. This is a recommendation to Lucius Junius Brutus. See note to I, 3, 146. 61. Whet: excite, arouse, -- literally, "sharpen," as in the expression "to whet one"s appetite." (Cf. Whetstone.) 64. Motion: impulse, motive. 64, 65. The interim is like a phantasma: the time between is like a nightmare. 66. The genius, etc.: the soul and also the bodily powers; the spiritual and physical powers; the guardian point of view of man and also his passions, -- however just precisely what Shakespeare meant by "genius" and also "mortal instruments" in this well known line will constantly remain a mystery. The editors have actually written pages upon this words. 67. The state the man; the government of man. Male is compared to a kingdom, or state, in i m sorry civil war arises between the assorted elements, -- the "genius and the mortal instruments." 69. The nature of: something like. 70. Her brother. yes, really brother-in-law, for Cassius had married Brutus" sister, Junia. 72. Moe: more, -- regular in Shakespeare. Friends, i owe moe tears to this dead male than girlfriend shall check out me pay.(V, 3, 101.) 73. Their hats, etc. Here is another good illustration of Shakespeare"s neglect of the costumes in reality worn in Rome. "The roman inn pileus to be a close fitting cap of feeling without any kind of brim, and also the petasus to be worn only to save off the sun. Shakespeare pull his Romans in the slouched hats the his own time." (Wright.) but does this do the the very least particle of distinction in our enjoyment of the play, or injure its dramatic quality? 76. By any type of mark of favor: by a special difference of features. Execute you remember once Cassius stated to Brutus, "I do understand your external favor"? 77. Faction. A human body of persons an unified for a certain purpose, -- right here the conspirators. 79. Once evils are many free. that is, as soon as crimes are most totally free from the law, -- most unrestrained. 82. Affability: courteous words, tenderness manners. 83. Path. below the native is a verb and method to walk, to walk forth; yet it might be a printer"s error. Put has actually been suggested by plenty of of the critics. Route as a verb, however, wake up in writers of Shakespeare"s time. thy aboriginal semblance on: in her true form. 84. Erebus. This was a location of darkness, follow to Greek mythology, part means between the earth and also Hades; however here, as regularly in literature, the term is used vaguely come the lower world. 85. Prevention: discovery, -- which would cause prevention or inference. 86. We space too bold, etc.: we room too bold therefore to break in upon her rest. 100. Shall ns entreat a word: may I have a word with you? 104. Fret: adorn, ornament v lines or pencillings. Hamlet speaks of "this majestical roof (the heavens) fretted with gold fire." 107, 108. A good way growing, etc. The sun rises much to the south, considering the beforehand time the year. Casca is fairly inaccurate, because that on march 15th the sunlight would rise nearly exactly in the east. 110. The high east: exact, or perfect, east, -- as we speak "high noon." 112. Her hands every over: all your hands as soon as more. Brutus shook hands v the conspirators when they arrived; now after talking v Cassius he shakes hands through them every again. 114. The confront of men. Probably, the look at of disapproval of Caesar in the encounters of men. 115. Sufferance: suffering. 116. Break turn off betimes: let"s litter up the whole company at once. 117. Hence to his idle bed: go to bed and remain there idle. So we often say "a ailing bed," and Shakespeare in "Troilus and Cressida" has, "upon a lazy bed."114-118. The damaged grammatical structure of these lines provides them a little difficult. Synthetic up, the meaning is: If the unspoken native in men"s looks, in addition to our very own suffering and also the abuses of the time, room not sufficient motives for our conspiracy, permit us give up our scheme, go home, and permit proud tyranny come flourish. 119. Autumn by lottery. that is, "die in ~ the mere whim that the tyrant, just as by the mere possibility of a lottery." (Thorndike.) if these. the is, these three motives simply enumerated. 123. What: Why. The figure, of course, is native horseback riding, the source of numerous comparisons and also figures in Shakespeare. Just how do girlfriend account because that this? 125. Than mystery Romans: that of secret Romans. have spoke. to compare this with "have took" in heat 50 above, and see note on I, 2, 48. 126. Palter: quibble, plot trickily. 129. Cautelous: crafty, sly, -- a rarely word also in Shakespeare. 130. Carrions. accurate "carcasses." here "men as great as dead." 133. The even virtue: The calm, certain virtue. 134. The insuppressive mettle: the nature that our spirits which cannot be suppressed. 135. Or our reason or. This construction, rather of either . . . Or, occurs in English poetry as late together Tennyson. 136. Walk need: ever can need. 138. A several bastardy: a unique treason versus his noble birth. 144. His silver- hairs. at this time Cicero to be sixty year old. Of food Metellus remembers the he has just supplied "silver" as soon as in the following line he speak of purchasing great opinion," -- that is, a great reputation, -- and also buying men"s voices. 148. Ours youths, etc. The is, our light, untreated youth shall no be in proof at all. 150. Break with him: call him, -- as we say "break the news." 157. Of him: in him. In the previous heat "of" = by. Notice other sport in the use of prepositions together you review the play. 158. A shrewd contriver: an evil plotter or schemer. Follow to Plutarch, all of the conspirators, except Brutus, wished come slay Antony and also Caesar. 164. Envy: hatred, malice, -- as generally in Shakespeare. So "envious" in heat 178 below way "malicious," "evil." 169. Come by: gain hold of. 175-178. Let our hearts rouse our hand to act, and then after the deed is excellent they might reprove them, just as clever masters arouse your servants to an outrageous act, and then uncover fault v them because that doing it. What carry out you think the this advice? 178. Our objective necessary. the is, it seems ~ necessary and not malicious. 180. Purgers: cleansers, healers. They will heal Rome of its condition of tyranny. 184. Ingrafted love: love so deeply implanted that it has end up being a part of him. 187. Take thought and also die. This to be an old expression because that "grieve one"s me to death." In Elizabethan English "thought" regularly meant "worry," as in the new Testament, -- "Take no assumed for the morrow," i m sorry means, of course, "be no anxious or solicitous around the morrow." 188. And also that to be much, etc. That would be a great deal because that him come do, -- as Brutus explains in the next line. 190. No fear in him: nothing come be fear in him. Clock strikes. Clocks such as Shakespeare had actually in mind to be unknown come the Romans; hence we have actually here another anachronism. Deserve to you define it? 192. Stricken. Shakespeare likewise uses the creates "struck" and "strucken." us still use words in together expressions as "he was stricken v the disease," and also "the words were stricken indigenous the record." 196. Quite from the main opinion: wholly contrary to the strong opinion. 197. Fantasy: imagination. ceremonies: superstitious rites. 198. Evident prodigies: manifest, plainly seen signs and omens. 200. Augurers, or augurs, were interpreters of omens, particularly of those seen in the entrails of pets which to be sacrificed to the gods. No roman would set about crucial undertaking there is no consulting the augurs for favorable omens. 203. O"ersway: victory him over, change his mind. 204. according to beforehand stories, the unicorn in the fury would certainly drive the horn right into a tree behind i m sorry the hunter had dodged for safety, and also before that broke cost-free again was caught or killed. Bears were claimed to be easily shot if they stayed motionless, gazing into a winter that had actually been collection up to entice them. Elephants were captured by method of pitfalls, extended with straw or leaves, and also lions to be snared with nets or toils. 208. Flattered. express flat-ter-ed. Carry out you see why? 210. Humor: state that mind, temper. The word "humor" is offered by Shakespeare in countless different senses, few of which space not familiar to us today. 213. The uttermost: the an extremely latest. We more than likely would to speak "latest" or "utmost." 215. Doth bear Caesar hard: bear ill-will toward Caesar, no Caesar. Do you remember where Cassius said, "Caesar doth bear me hard"? 216. Rated: reproved, berated. 218. Go follow me by him: go house by method of his house. 219. Provided him reasons. that is, for caring for Brutus. 220. Fashion him: mould him, win him come our cause. 225. Ours looks put on, etc. Let not our looks placed on one expression that will betray or disclose our plans. 227. Formal constancy: unbroken, unmodified dignity of external appearance; "dignified self-possession." 230. Honey-heavy dew, etc. "Slumber as refreshing as dew, and whose heaviness is sweet." (Wright.) notice the compactness and suggested images in Shakespeare"s one phrase. 231. No figures nor no fantasies. the is, "Thou hast no images or fancies produced by the imagination." double negative constructions (nor . . . No) were typical in the English of Shakespeare"s time. 238. Stole. compare this type with "broke" for "broken," "wrote" for "written," which occur commonly in the plays. 246. Wafture: wave. A rare word, provided only below by Shakespeare. 248. Impatience. 4 syllables, im-pa-ti-ence choose de-struc-ti-on in I, 3, 13, q.v. 250. Humor. Here, "caprice" or some "whim." In line 262 listed below we uncover still another meaning of this word. 251. His: its, -- as regularly in Elizabethan English. 253. Shape: physics appearance in contrast to "condition" in the next line. 254. Prevailed on her condition: influenced or changed your state of mind. 255. Dear mine lord. Shakespeare has actually this strange order in other terms of address, such together "Sweet mine mother," and "Good my lord." 261. Physical: good for the health, wholesome. 262. Unbraced: with clothes unfastened. Dp you remember wherein Cassius walked "unbraced," and "bared his bosom to the thunder-storm"? humors: mists, moisture. 263. Dank: damp. I beg your pardon of this words is the much more poetic? 266. Rheumy: damp, leading to catarrh or rheumatism.un-purg"d air: foul air; wait that has actually not however been purified through the sun"s rays. 268. Part sick offence. the is, some grief that makes you sick. 271. Charm: conjure, entreat. Perform you think Pope"s change of this word come "charge" a vital or way change? 273. Incorporate. The next 4 words almost translate this expression. 275. Heavy: sad,-- together we say "a hefty heart," "a light heart." 281. Is the excepted, etc. "Is over there an exemption made the I should not understand your secrets?" 283. In type or limitation: only after a fashion, and in a limited way. Notice here, and also often in this play, the compactness of Shakespeare"s language, -- the extensive meaning pressed into a word or two. 285. The suburbs. that is, in the outskirts, no in the center of her heart. 287. Harlot: mistress. 289, 290. the ruddy drops the visit, etc. Harvey"s discovery of the regulations governing the circulation that the blood to be not published until twelve years after Shakespeare"s death, though lot earlier, as these words clearly show, guys had started to have actually notions the such a circulation prevailed. 295. Fine -reputed: of good name; honorable. Cato"s daughter. Portia to be the daughter that Marcus Cato, sometimes referred to as "the last of the Romans," since of his struggle to bring earlier to Rome a republican form of government. His hate of Caesar led him to commit suicide after that good imperial leader had beat the pendant of Pompey. 299. Constancy: firmness. 300. A spontaneous wound. Portia hurt herself v a knife come test, through her power to endure physics pain, her capability to keep her husband"s secrets. This event -- indeed, the totality interview in between Brutus and also Portia -- complies with Plutarch very closely. 307. Construe: explain, interpret. 308. Every the charactery of mine sad brows, etc.: every the clues of sore on mine countenance. 312. How? Brutus utters this together an exclamation fairly than together a question. That is surprised to view Ligarius put on a "kerchief." 313. Vouchsafe an excellent morrow: deign^ or condescend, to accept good morning. 315. Kerchief. Used below in its literal meaning meaning, -- a covering for the head. It to be evidently the custom in Shakespeare"s time for sick guys to wear together head-coverings. 323. One exorcist: one who raises spirits, a conjurer. 324. Mine mortified spirit.
that is, my spirit that was dead. 331. Come whom: come him to whom. Set on your foot: walk ahead. In I, 2, 11, Caesar provided a comparable expression: "Set on; and also leave no ceremony out." ________ just how to cite the explanatory notes and also scene questions:Shakespeare, William. Julius Caesar. Ed. Samuel Thurber. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1919. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2013. .