Land Features

Continent - Large continuous area of soil on the earths surface generally surrounded by water.

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Island - human body of land smaller than a continent that is surrounded by water. (Greenland is the biggest island).

Isthmus - Narrow section of soil connecting two larger land areas, surrounding on 2 sides by water.

Peninsula - expansion of land surrounded on 3 sides by water.

Mountain Range - continuous chain or collection of mountains.

Plain - Large, low, flat region of land.

Plateau - huge area the is high and fairly flat.

Butte - diverted hill v steep sides, smaller than a plateau. Generally found in the southwestern joined States.

Mesa - comparable to a plateau, however smaller in size: level on top, cliffs on the sides.

Valley - low area of floor lying between hills that mountains.

Ice Cap - big area of ice number of thousand feet thick extending either land or water.

Water Features

Ocean - big body of salt water generally bounded by continent land masses.

Sea - body of water smaller than an s lying in ~ a continent or island group.

Gulf - huge area the water partially surrounded through land.

Channel - narrow body of water lying in between two areas of land.

Bay - small area that water surrounded by floor on 3 sides and penetrating into the land.

Lake - smaller sized body of new water surrounded by land.

Strait - comparable to channel.

Submarine Features

Basin - large circular depression on the s floor, generally 10,000 to 20,000 feet below sea level.

Ridge - Submerged mountain chain. The biggest are the mid s ridges which join together to kind a attribute 40,000 mile long.

Rift - Sometimes discovered on the comb of a Ridge.

Rise - A large elongated key lake a ridge however having much less steep slopes.

Trench - Long and narrow V-shaped depressions often uncovered near a contnent or top top the exterior of island arcs.

Fracture Zone - zones of rarely often, rarely topography hundreds of miles long and about 100 miles wide, i m sorry separate big regions of the ocean floor having various depths or species of topography.

Continental Shelf - Shallow maritime terrace bordering the continents. The shelf deepens progressively to a depth the 600 feet about 50 mile from shore wherein a sudden rise in slope angle marks the peak of the continent Slope.

Continental Slope - steep from the external edge of the continent Shelf come the s basin.

Submarine Canyon - Steep-sided gorge reduced into the continent Slope and also Shelf believed to be cut by underwater flows of sediment referred to as Turbidity Currents.

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Seamount - Submerged mountain, normally of volcanic origin, having at the very least 500 fathoms (3000 feet) that relief. Some seamounts, referred to as guyots, have level tops. They room submerged volcanic archipelago which had their top smoothed by surf and erosion while lock were above the surface.